Les publications sur le Brésil | 2015

Frontiers of Possession

Frontiers of Possession

Spain and Portugal in Europe and the Americas

Tamar Herzog
Cambridge - Massachusetts,  Harvard University Press,  [2015],  400 p.

Frontiers of Possession asks how territorial borders were established in Europe and the Americas during the early modern period and challenges the standard view that national boundaries are largely determined by military conflicts and treaties. Focusing on Spanish and Portuguese claims in the New and Old Worlds, Tamar Herzog reconstructs the different ways land rights were negotiated and enforced, sometimes violently, among people who remembered old possessions or envisioned new ones: farmers and nobles, clergymen and missionaries, settlers and indigenous peoples.
Questioning the habitual narrative that sees the Americas as a logical extension of the Old World, Herzog portrays Spain and Portugal on both sides of the Atlantic as one unified imperial space. She begins in the Americas, where Iberian conquerors had to decide who could settle the land, who could harvest fruit and cut timber, and who had river rights for travel and trade. The presence of indigenous peoples as enemies to vanquish or allies to befriend, along with the vastness of the land, complicated the picture, as did the promise of unlimited wealth. In Europe, meanwhile, the formation and re-formation of boundaries could last centuries, as ancient entitlements clashed with evolving economic conditions and changing political views and juridical doctrines regarding how land could be acquired and maintained.
Herzog demonstrates that the same fundamental questions had to be addressed in Europe and in the Americas. Territorial control was always subject to negotiation, as neighbors and outsiders, in their quotidian interactions, carved out and defended new frontiers of possession.

Tamar Herzog is Monroe Gutman Professor of Latin American Affairs and Radcliffe Alumnae Professor at Harvard University.

EHESS
CNRS
Mondes Américains

flux rss  Actualités

Territoires et sociétés en Amazonie brésilienne. Approches récentes en anthropologie et en histoire

Journée(s) d'étude - Vendredi 23 mars 2018 - 09:45Cette journée d’études sur l’Amazonie brésilienne a pour but de discuter des travaux récents d’historiens et d’anthropologues portant, d’une part, sur les relations entre pouvoir et territoire à différentes échelles, et, d’autre part, sur les rap (...)(...)

Lire la suite

Les Midis de Brésil(s) - Ruy Braga, Professeur à l'Université de São Paulo

Table ronde - Lundi 05 février 2018 - 12:00L’activisme social du précariat globalisé, devenu plus visible à partir de la crise de la globalisation de 2008, attire de plus en plus l’attention des sociologues dans différentes parties du monde. Cette conférence vise à présenter les principales cara (...)(...)

Lire la suite

Les Midis de Brésil(s) - Carly Machado Professeur à l'Universidade Federal Rural do Rio de Janeiro

Table ronde - Lundi 13 novembre 2017 - 12:00Pendant des nombreuses années, le catholicisme a été la religion hégémonique au Brésil, d’un point de vue quantitatif mais aussi qualitatif. Les catholiques étaient majoritaires numériquement, et l’idée d’une « culture brésilienne » elle-même s’ancrait (...)(...)

Lire la suite

Plus d'actualités

CRBC - Mondes Américains / EHESS
54 boulevard Raspail
75006 Paris
T.  +33 (0) 1 49 54 20 85
F.  +33 (0) 1 49 54 25 36

 

Communication :
T.  +33 (0) 1 49 54 24 33

Facebook